JAMA MASJID FACTS & FIGURES
- Location: Old Delhi, facing The Red Fort, India.
- Best time to Visit: Throughout the year
- Significance: Get a good feel of the ancient royal era through enter the Masjid from the eastern gateway ,the spacious prayer hall has 11 multi-foil arches, Described as the most beautiful mosque in India .
The Masjid-i-Jahan Numa commonly known as Jama Masjid of Delhi is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and completed in the year 1656 AD, it is one of the largest and best known mosques in India. It is also at the beginning of a very busy and popular street/center in Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk. (There are also Jama Masjids in many other cities with a history of Islamic rule, or large Muslim populations.)
Masjid-i-Jahan Numa means “the mosque commanding a view of the world”, and the name Jama Masjid is a reference to the weekly congregation observed on Friday (the yaum al-jum`a) at the mosque. The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshippers. The mosque also houses several relics in a closet in the north gate, including a copy of the Qur’an written on deer skin. The cost incurred on the construction in those times was 10 lakh (1 million) Rupees.
The beauty is mindblowing! And the architecture is marvellous too! Surmounted by 12 sided domical marble kiosks, the roof top is adorned with alternating vertical strips of red stone and white marble. Three extremely elegant domes of white marble ornamented with strips of black marble, and white marble cupolas at the corners, have turned this imposing hall into a colouful checkerboard of great beauty and dignity.
The mosque stands on a platform of about five feet (1.5 m) from the pavement of the terrace, and three flight of steps lead to the interior of the mosque from the east, north, and the south. The floor of the mosque is covered with white and black marble ornamented to imitate the Muslim prayer mat; a thin black marble border is marked for the worshippers, which is three feet long and 1 ½ feet wide. In total there are 899 such spaces marked in the floor of the mosque. The back of the mosque is cased over to the height of the rock on which the mosque stands with large hewn stones.
Shah Jahan built several important mosques in Delhi, Agra, Ajmer and Lahore. The Jama Masjid’s floorplan is very similar to the Moti Masjid at Agra, but the Jama Masjid is the bigger and more imposing of the two. Its majesty is further enhanced because of the high ground that he selected for building this mosque.
The mosque has come closer to the heart of Delhi. Shoes should be removed and tourists considered unsuitably dressed (bare legs for either men or women) can hire robes at the northern gate. The mosque is open to non-Muslims from half an hour after sunrise until half an hour before sunset, but it closes every Friday for two hours during mid-day prayers. The eastern gateway is open to public only on Friday and on Muslim festival days, while the regular entry is by either the north or south gate.
How to Reach Jama Masjid
- Air : Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport is connected to all the important cities of the world with almost all the major international airlines operating out of here. Palam Domestic Airport connects Delhi to the major cities in India.
- Rail : The Indian Railway with their modern and organized network connects Delhi to all major and minor destinations in India. The city has three major railway stations at New Delhi, Old New Delhi, and Nizamuddin.
- Road : Delhi is well connected to all the major cities of India by a network of highways and roads.